Insulating shipping container construction presents a greater challenge under Arctic conditions. The reason being that a metal substrate unlike Wood Frame Construction or Tilt-up Concrete Construction is more conductive and has 0 capacity for thermal storage. That is why, here in North America, there are differing requirements for different Climate Zones. In some situations a hybrid insulation system may be required to achieve proper comfort and energy efficiency.
As can be seen in the customer comments and pictures located at the bottom, the ceiling of this container home is insulated with a hybrid insulation system consisting of closed cell foam sealed with a coat of HSC® Coating Multi ~ Ceramic Insulation Coating - Engineered to Block Heat and a finishing coat of SUNSHIELD® Multi ~ Ceramic Thermal Barrier Coating - Engineered to Repel Heat. The interior side of the walls of the building envelope are insulated with a hybrid insulation system consisting of HSC Coating Multi ~ Ceramic Insulation Coating - Engineered to Block Heat which also provides some thermal storage within the dead air space contained in the ceramic Cenospheres and a finish coat of SunShield Multi ~ Ceramic Thermal Barrier Coating - Engineered to Repel Heat. The exterior side of the walls and roof of the building envelope are coated with SUPERTHERM® Multi ~ Ceramic Thermal Barrier Coating - Engineered to Repel Heat.
INTERIOR HOT BOX TEST RESULTS - This ability to hold heat is dramatic when judged on length of run time to heat a room and energy consumed.
HOME BRANDON MANITOBA - increased retained heat in a particularly cold room from +9°C to +25°C
Here is a link to some excerpts from this third party ISBU ASSOCIATION REPORT ON CERAMIC COATINGS which contains some excellent information on this technology and is well worth the read.
Interior Application: SUNSHIELD®
Multi-Ceramic Thermal Barrier Coating - Engineered
to Repel Heat may be used in place of SUPERTHERM®. The only
significant change has been to eliminate the water-based urethane so
it is not as tough, which may be suitable for an interior
application not subjected to weathering. The multi-ceramic
insulation package is identical meaning the thermal conductivity is
reduced by 90% from over 350+ Btu's on a bare
surface (Table 4) down to 4 Btu's
on the surface coated with SUPERTHERM® (Table 5)
as shown in: ASTM E 1269 - Standard Test Method for
Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning
Calorimetry / ASTM E 1461-92 - Standard Test Method to
measure Thermal Diffusivity of Solids by the Flash Method. These
were the ASTM tests recommended by Purdue University as they measure
the thermal conductivity of the coating independent of the substrate
to which it is applied. In other words the thermal conductivity is the same 4 Btu's whether it is
applied to wood, metal, concrete, fiberglass, foam or any other substrate.
As shown in Table 4 and Table 5 the thermal conductivity was reduced from 350+ Btu's on the bare surface (Table 4) down to 4 Btu's on the surface coated with SuperTherm® (Table 5).
This testing formed the basis for the Engineering Judgement from VTEC Laboratories, who are a certified thermal laboratory as well as an accredited BOCA laboratory (Building Officials and Code Administrators) Letter Equivalent R19. The ONLY reason this R19, non real world test is even mentioned is in order to give a basis of comparison in terms of thermal benefit that is familiar.
HSC CoatingMulti-Ceramic Insulation Coating - Engineered to Block Heat reduces the thermal conductivity of these 4 Btu's by a further 0.07 W/mK as per ISO 8302 \ ASTM C177.
Whatever heat makes it through these two Multi~Ceramic coatings should
be easily handled by 25mm (1") of Closed Cell Foam.
Therefore in extremely cold climates we would recommend 25mm (1") of
closed cell foam applied onto the entire interior of the building
envelope. This means the interior side of all exterior walls but
especially ceilings as heat rises. This is why over 50% of heat loss / gain is through the ceiling / roof. Then a 1.27mm (50 mils) coat of HSC® applied over top
of the foam and then whatever finishing would be coated with 10 mils DFT of either SUNSHIELD® or SUPERTHERM®.
Exterior Application: A coat of SUPERTHERM® Multi-Ceramic Thermal Barrier Coating - Engineered to Repel Heat would also be applied on the exterior of the building envelope to prevent heat absorptance in the Summer. In this case the water-based urethane is necessary to resist weathering. SUPERTHERM® reduces thermal conductance by deflecting and repelling thermal absorptance by better than 95%. As noted by a PhD in Fluid Mechanics "SuperTherm is deflecting better than 95% of the heat to begin with therefore debating the remaining 5% with R value is trivial.".
~ The first ceramic compound is primarily to deflect and repel
Ultra Violet (UV) heat at 99% however
while UV is a significant cause of surface deterioration it only
contributes 3% to thermal absorbtance.
~ The second ceramic deflects and repels better than 92% of Visual Light (short wave) heat which contributes 40% to thermal absorbtance.
~ The third ceramic compound deflects and repels 99.5% of Infrared Radiation ( long wave ) heat to control the heat gain or loss to the envelope of buildings or equipment which represents 57% of thermal absorbtance. This new compound was introduced in February of 2000 as part of our continued research in controlling thermal transfer.
~ The fourth ceramic compound blocks a further 92% of heat conduction by hollow cenosphere technology which is not glass.
SUPERTHERM® is a true "thermal barrier" coating and not just a reflective paint. Reflective paints only address Visual Light and lose thermal performance when they get dirty.
See the short TV clip regarding SUPERTHERM® from American
This coating both sides also reduces thermal conductance from 0.31μ with just the interior coated, down to 0.21μ with both sides coated as shown in ASTM C 236 (C236-89(1993)e1) - Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of a Guarded Hot Box. ASTM C-236 is referenced under Laboratory Tests in ASHRAE 90.1. The test was supervised by VTEC Laboratories a certified thermal laboratory and an accredited BOCA (Building Officials & Code Administrators) laboratory and conducted by National Certified Testing Laboratories another certified thermal laboratory and served as the basis for the letter from McQuaig and Associates Engineering Ltd again verifying the R19 Equivalency in terms of thermal benefit.
Of course the optimum application of this technology would be to coat both sides of the substrate so that neither side could absorb heat. In that case the thermal benefit would be the equivalent of R28.
One of our customers, in Quebec Canada, was kind enough to send us
a testimonial about their satisfaction with their application in
2014 and a desire for more product.
July 9th, 2015:
"Good morning Doug,
We ordered SPI insulation coatings (Sunshield, SuperTherm and HSC) through your company last summer, to extra-insulate our container house, and meant to thank you truthfully for the quality of your service, as well as for the quality of the product itself. With half of the job done by now, we are already more than pleased of our investment (especially with the coldness records that we had last winter, with steady -40°C for a few days). The finish is also very attractive and perfectly suitable for a “home décor”.
Since we decided to put a layer of HSC on North-facing internal walls, we would appreciate to order four extra 5-gallon pails of HSC to complete our project. Besides, while preparing our roofs, we noticed that some patches of tar, near to the “joints” of the containers, would need to be covered before spreading SuperTherm: is the product SuperBase sold in that purpose? If so, we would like to order a pail as well. An estimate of the current cost of both products would also be appreciated.
Thanking you, again, for your time and help!
Sincerely, Sergei & Jacinthe Zaski"
November 4th, 2015:
"We got so enthusiastic by the quality of the product that we decided to paint extra interior surfaces. Winter being almost at our door, we are now convinced, with all the surfaces already painted, that it truly worth the expense – in heat savings, in a better homogeneity of the temperature inside the house and, the last, but not the least, in outside noise reducing.
We still have much finishing work to do, but knowing that you were expecting pictures of our residential insulation project, we did our best to make you some – in case that could help eventual clients to figure out the final result. We made some close-up views in order to show the texture.
Thanking you again (and again!) for your time & help,
Sergei & Jacinthe Zaski"
They also sent us some pictures of their beautiful project.
Hopefully this advice has been helpful. Should you have any
questions about our line of products or you have a problem and need