Cold Climate Insulation

October 28th, 2014

Insulating shipping containers presents a greater challenge under Arctic conditions. That is why, here in North America, there are differing requirements for different Climate Zones. In some situations a multi-product system may be required to achieve proper comfort and energy efficiency.

Here is a link to some excerpts from an ISBU ASSOCIATION REPORT ON CERAMIC COATINGS which contains some excellent information on this technology and is well worth the read.

Exterior Application: SUPERTHERM® Multi-Ceramic Thermal Barrier Coating - Engineered to Repel Heat reduces thermal conductance by deflecting and repelling thermal absorptance by better than 95%. As noted by a PhD in Fluid Mechanics "SuperTherm is deflecting better than 95% of the heat to begin with therefore debating the remaining 5% with R value is trivial.".

~ The first ceramic compound is primarily to deflect and​ ​repel​ Ultra Violet (UV) heat at 99% however while UV is a significant cause of surface deterioration it only contributes 3% to thermal absorbtance.

~ The second ceramic deflects and repels better than 92% of Visual Light (short wave) heat which contributes 40% to thermal absorbtance.

~ The third ceramic compound deflects and ​repels​ 99.5% of Infrared Radiation ( long wave ) heat to control the heat gain or loss to the envelope of buildings or equipment which represents 57% of thermal absorbtance. This new compound was introduced in February of 2000 as part of our continued research in controlling thermal transfer.

~ The fourth ceramic compound is designed to block 92% of heat conduction by hollow cenosphere technology which is not glass.

SUPERTHERM® is a true "thermal barrier" coating and not just a reflective paint. Reflective paints only address Visual Light and lose thermal performance when they get dirty.

See the short TV clip regarding SUPERTHERM® from American Architectural Review.

Interior Application: SUNSHIELD® Multi-Ceramic Thermal Barrier Coating - Engineered to Repel Heat may be used in place of SUPERTHERM®. The only significant change has been to eliminate the water-based urethane so it is not as tough, which may be suitable for an interior application ​not subjected to weathering​​. The multi-ceramic insulation package is identical meaning the thermal conductivity is reduced by 90%​ ​from over 350+ Btu's on a bare surface ​​(​Table 4​)​ ​down to 4 Btu's​ ​on the surface coated with SUPERTHERM® (Table 5) ​​as shown in: ASTM E 1269 - Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry / ASTM E 1461-92 - Standard Test Method to measure Thermal Diffusivity of Solids by the Flash Method. These were the ASTM tests recommended by Purdue University as they measure the thermal conductivity of the coating independent of the substrate to which it is applied. In other words the thermal conductivity is the same 4 Btu's​ ​whether it is applied to wood, metal, concrete, fiberglass, foam or any other substrate.

table4

As shown in Table 4 and Table 5 the thermal conductivity was reduced from 350+ Btu's on the bare surface (Table 4) down to 4 Btu's on the surface coated with SuperTherm® (Table 5).

table5

HSC® COATING Multi-Ceramic Insulation Coating - Engineered to Block Heat reduces the thermal conductivity of these 4 Btu's by a further 0.07 W/mK as per ISO 8302 \ ASTM C177.

Whatever heat makes it through these two Multi~Ceramic coatings should be easily handled by 1" of Closed Cell Foam.

Therefore in extreme climates we would recommend 1" of closed cell foam sprayed onto the entire interior of the building envelope. This means the interior side of all exterior walls and especially ceilings as heat rises. This is why over 50% of heat loss / gain is through the ceiling / roof. Then a coat of HSC® applied over top of the foam and then whatever finishing would be coated with either SUPERTHERM® or SUNSHIELD®.

A coat of SUPERTHERM® would also be applied on the exterior of the building envelope to prevent heat absorptance in the Summer. In this case the water-based urethane is necessary to resist weathering. This coating both sides also reduces thermal conductance from 0.31 with just the interior coated, down to 0.21 with both sides coated as shown in ASTM C 236 (C236-89(1993)e1) - Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of a Guarded Hot Box.

One of our customers, in Quebec Canada, was kind enough to send us a testimonial about their satisfaction with their application in 2014 and a desire for more product.

July 9th, 2015:

"Good morning Doug,

We ordered SPI insulation coatings (Sunshield, SuperTherm and HSC) through your company last summer, to extra-insulate our container house, and meant to thank you truthfully for the quality of your service, as well as for the quality of the product itself. With half of the job done by now, we are already more than pleased of our investment (especially with the coldness records that we had last winter, with steady -40°C for a few days). The finish is also very attractive and perfectly suitable for a “home décor”.

Since we decided to put a layer of HSC on North-facing internal walls, we would appreciate to order four extra 5-gallon pails of HSC to complete our project. Besides, while preparing our roofs, we noticed that some patches of tar, near to the “joints” of the containers, would need to be covered before spreading SuperTherm: is the product SuperBase sold in that purpose? If so, we would like to order a pail as well. An estimate of the current cost of both products would also be appreciated.

Thanking you, again, for your time and help!
Sincerely, Sergei & Jacinthe Zaski"


November 4th, 2015:

"We got so enthusiastic by the quality of the product that we decided to paint extra interior surfaces. Winter being almost at our door, we are now convinced, with all the surfaces already painted, that it truly worth the expense – in heat savings, in a better homogeneity of the temperature inside the house and, the last, but not the least,  in outside noise reducing.


We still have much finishing work to do, but knowing that you were expecting pictures of our residential insulation project, we did our best to make you some – in case that could help eventual clients to figure out the final result. We made some close-up views in order to show the texture.


Thanking you again (and again!) for your time & help,


Sergei & Jacinthe Zaski"

They also sent us some pictures of their beautiful project.

diningroom/livingroom
kitchen/ceiling bedroom
livingroomcloseup wall wallcloseup

 Hopefully this advice has been helpful. Should you have any questions about our line of products or you have a problem and need a solution...

WE OFFER AN . . .

SUPERTHERM - SUPER THERM - ESCAPE

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