FHWA funds Cost of Corrosion Study.
Report by CC Technologies Laboratories, Inc. to Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Office of Infrastructure Research and Development, Report FHWA-RD-01-156, September 2001.

cost of corrosion
highway highway highway
hazmat storage
gas distribution
drinking H20
motor vehicles
motor vehicles
oil and gas
petroleum refining
chem, petro, pharm
pulp paper
food processing
home appliances
nuclear waste storage
gas gas
waterways waterways
hazmat storage hazmat storage
airports airports
railroads railroads
gas distribution gas distribution
drinking H20 drinking H20
electrical electrical
telecommunication telecommunication
motor vehicles motor vehicles
Ships ships
aircraft aircraft
railroad railroad
hazmat transport hazmat transport
oil and gas oil and gas
mining mining
petroleum refining petroleum refining
chem, petro, pharm chem, petro, pharm
pulp paper Pulp & Paper
agricultural agricultural
food processing food processing
electronics electronics
home appliances home appliances
home appliances defense
nuclear waste storage nucear waste storage

It is known that the corrosion of metallic structures has a significant impact on the U.S. economy, including infrastructure, transportation, utilities, production and manufacturing, and government. A 1975-benchmark study by Battelle-NBS calculated the cost of corrosion to be $70 billion per year, which was 4.2 percent of the nation's gross national product (GNP). Other studies, both in the United States and abroad have addressed the cost of corrosion as well.

A need was identified to carry out a systematic study to estimate the current impact of metallic corrosion on the U.S. economy and to provide strategies to minimize the impact of corrosion. Through discussions between NACE International (The Corrosion Society), members of Congress, and the Department of Transportation (DOT), an amendment for the cost of corrosion was included in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), which was passed by the U.S. legislature in 1998. In the period from 1999 to 2001, CC Technologies conducted the research, in a cooperative agreement with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA).

In this study, the total direct cost of corrosion was determined by analyzing 26 industrial sectors, in which corrosion is known to exist, and extrapolating the results for a nationwide estimate. The total direct cost of corrosion was determined to be $279 billion per year, which is 3.2 percent of the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP). Indirect costs to the user (society costs) are conservatively estimated to be equal to the direct costs. This means that the overall cost to society could be as much as six percent of the GDP. Often, the indirect costs are ignored because only the direct costs are paid by the owner/operator.

New technologies to prevent corrosion continue to be developed and cost based corrosion management techniques are available to further lower corrosion costs. However, cost-effective methods are not always implemented. Better corrosion management can be achieved using preventive strategies at every level of involvement (owner, operator, user, government, Federal regulators, and general public).

The preventive strategies include:
(1) Increase awareness of large corrosion costs and potential savings.
(2) Change the misconception that nothing can be done about corrosion.
(3) Change policies, regulations, standards, and management practices to increase corrosion savings through sound corrosion management.
(4) Improve education and training of staff in recognition of corrosion control.
(5) Advance design practices for better corrosion management.
(6) Advance life prediction and performance assessment methods.
(7) Advance corrosion technology through research, development, and implementation.

This report will be of interest to government regulators and policy makers involved in materials-related issues, the general public, and practicing engineers concerned with materials of construction and process design.