History of SUPERTHERM ®

INTRODUCTION by J.E. Pritchett, President of Superior Products International II, Inc. :
" In 1990, contact was made with NASA's Technology Utilization Office for help in developing a waterborne insulation coating that could compete with or compliment batt forms of installed insulation. After working through the different departments involved, I was directed to Mr. Ismail Akbay, Director of the Technology Utilization Office. "

" Over the next several months of analyzing my base coating and the ceramic blends possible, the Utilization Office and their ceramic engineers suggested lists of literally hundreds of different ceramics to test for efficiency. I began gathering the ceramic compounds from all the worldwide sources recommended. After two years and hundreds of individual and combination compound tests, three specific ceramics were identified to work exceptionally well individually, and in combination with each other ( A fourth ceramic compound was introduced in February 2000 as part of our continued research in controlling heat transfer. This new compound is designed specifically for stopping Infrared Radiation to control the heat gain to the interior of buildings or equipment. ), to provide effective insulation to compete with, replace or compliment batt-type, foam or other bulk insulation products. "

SUPER THERM - SUPERTHERM

THESE MULTI ~ CERAMIC INSULATION COATINGS
ADDRESS ALL THREE MODES OF
HEAT TRANSFER!

REPELS RADIATED HEAT ~ REFLECTS CONVECTED HEAT ~ RESISTS CONDUCTED HEAT

Having the ceramics correctly formulated was only half the approach to the formula. The resin blend required to hold the ceramics and perform compatibly was the next obstacle. Through many trials with high-performance resins ( 700+ ), the correct combination was achieved to provide a proper vehicle for the ceramics, enabling them to have a life of their own that could match the performance of the ceramic powders. This is why we have the two acrylics, a single urethane and additives in a balance for the formula. The coating was designed with two thoughts in mind :

1) blend of different ceramic compounds for the highest reflectivity and lowest conduction

2) blend of resins giving the ceramics the necessary endurance and desired performance.

The reflective coatings on the market have failed to realize that in addition to the correct combination of different ceramics; the resins of the formula must match the performance capability of the ceramics or the entire formula will fail.

The product that was developed from the NASA-aided research is known as SUPERTHERM ®. Since the development of the product, SUPERTHERM ® has been in extensive field testing to judge its effectiveness beginning in 1990 until present. Uses have ranged from applying to metal building roofing, homes, industrial furnaces, oceangoing vessels, from tropical climates to Alaskan freezes, from normal weathering to that inside of acid-burning furnaces, from the UAE to the Pacific Rim and as far away as Russia and Japan.

CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY USED IN THIS PRODUCT:
Superior Products International has been experimenting with and developing the uses of "insulation and fire protection" ceramics for over 10 years. This category of ceramic functionality is new to the engineering fields. Only in recent years has the idea of insulation been associated with this new breed of ceramics.

Superior Products International knew that this area had not been thoroughly explored before, nor had any extensive documentation been presented for this application. In contrast, many articles and studies have been devoted to the abrasion resistant ceramic compounds and how they can be used in manufacturing and industrial markets.

Insulative ceramics are completely different and separate from those used for abrasion resistance. As noted in this category, no extensive studies have been performed to determine which ceramic compounds, either natural or manmade would be best suited for eliminating heat transfer. Some studies have acknowledged the "reflection" of heat by mere radiation of sunlight but since very limited study has been performed, it was thought that reflection was all that this new category of ceramic could provide.

 

Superior Products International initially worked in the early 1990's with the aid of the Ceramic Engineers at the Marshall Space Center Laboratories, and it was discovered that no real research had been performed across the broad spectrum of possible ceramic compounds in order to determine the scope of ceramics stopping or slowing "heat conduction" rather than merely radiant heat reflection. It was also decided that Superior Products International would continue the R&D work over the next several years to discover the possibilities of this new design of ceramics. An extensive search was organized and begun to locate all possible types of ceramics compounds in the world market for trial-and-error testing. A system was designed to take each compound through a series of heat conduction tests to find its ability to stop heat conduction. More than 1,000 compounds were received and tested. From this R&D period, eight different compounds were identified as having the ability not only to catch and throw heat away from their surfaces in a manner similar to reflection but also to control heat conduction.

Superior Products International chose three of these ceramic compounds to develop its insulation coating called SUPERTHERM ®. This is a thin film coating that will protect against heat migration equal to six inches of fiberglass batt insulation when applied over surfaces facing the heat source. SUNSHIELD ® is inferior to SUPERTHERM ® but is still superior to any of the cheap imitations on the market. SUNSHIELD ® is less expensive because the Fire ceramic \ resistance and urethane \ toughness have been left out. Any time a product is cheaper we have to ask ourselves, " what has been left out", don't we? SUNSHIELD ® does have the same dual acrylics and similar multi ceramic insulation package. EPOXOTHERM likewise has a si mi liar multi ceramic insulation package but in an Epoxy carrier. Epoxies are required for application to wet substrates such as in the case of extreme condensation.

Seven of the ceramic compounds were also chosen to work in combination with one another in high heat situations. HPC® COATING ( up to 700°F \ 370°C ) and HSC® COATING ® (from 65°C - 177°C / 150°F - 350° F ) were developed to capture surface heat and stop thermal transfer via conduction. As with all of our protective coatings, each one is specifically engineered to solve a particular problem under a wide variety of application requirements and conditions.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS:
SUPERTHERM ® is extremely environmentally friendly. The VOC's ( Volatile Organic Compounds ) are only 21 grams/liter. The limit is 420 grams. SUPERTHERM ® is 11.9 times less toxic than that of typical latex paint which has a VOC of 250 g/L. SUPERTHERM ® has received a " K " rating by NASA for toxic off gassing which is the highest rating available. In addition to the inherent thermal deficiencies in fiberglass, there is also the possibility of some inherent health concerns. For further information regarding the very real possibility of fiberglass being as carcinogenic as asbestos visit the Fiberglass Information Network (http://www.sustainableenterprises.com/fin/index.htm).

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